Davenport, Joseph or John?

Birth Name Davenport, Joseph or John?
Gender male
Age at Death more than about 60 years

Narrative

John Davenport, adopted son of Glover Davenport, if he were married before Lucy Hall. Otherwise, his brother, Joseph Davenport, born between 1750-1752, if also an adopted son of Glover. [at this time, April 2019, 2 descendants of Glover's eldest son Matthew have taken a Y-DNA test, and they both match the Pamunkey Davenports]. Dates are the range for Joseph, Sr, last seen in 1810 Grainger Co, VA

Because of the spread in ages between Joseph and John, it is also possible that John was Joseph's son. Early Davenport researchers said the 4 brothers in Jackson Co, TN had another brother named John. This might have been an earlier marriage for Joseph, instead of wife Elizabeth Davenport seen in the 1830 Census of Jackson Co, TN.

Leaning toward Joseph Davenport because of several circumstantial lines of evidence:
1) 1810 Census fragment of Grainger Co, TN show a Joseph en route from Franklin Co, VA to Jackson Co, TN
2) Pamunkey Davenport Chronicles say Joseph, s/o of Glover, moved to Washington Co, VA ( future home of brother John Davenport descendants) and then to TN
3) One of the 4 brothers in Jackson Co, TN (1812 and later) was named Joseph. None named John.

This Joseph Davenport mentioned in the Pamunkey Davenport Chronicles:
A6c. JOSEPH DAVENPORT, b. c1750, Louisa County; m. NANCY ------, ?; d .? (Last
found in Washington County, Virginia, in 1790s, believed to have moved to
Tennessee.) Children, Unknown other than:

A6c1. MOURNING DAVENPORT, b. c1778, Bedford County; m. ISAAC SMITH. 1795,
Bedford County; d. ? . Children unknown. (Joel Davenport was the security for
Mourning Davenport's marriage bond in 1795.)

.,..Virginia Land authorities reminded Joel that he had been the witness at Bedford Court in
1787 attesting that his older brother Joseph was heir-at-law to Moses and was
entitled to Moses' Land Bounty. Joseph had been awarded the 100 acres due Moses
shortly thereafter. Joel was age 71 when he made the claim. He was 96 when he
died per his Revolutionary Pension records.

So Joseph older than Joel who was born 1753. Some ref's claim Mourning was d/o Moses instead.

Fought in the Revolution ( Pamunkey Chronicles )
Private, Captain George Lambert's Company, 14th Regiment of Foot, Virginia Continental Line. Also served in 10th and 1st Regiments.

Here are the earliest records for Joseph s/o of Glover (from New Kent/Hanover Davenports doc)

31Mar1782 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

Consolidated Lists
Glover Davenport, 1 White Tithe, 1 White Male 16-21, 3 Horses, 5 Cattle
Joseph Davenport, 1 White Tithe, 1 White Male 16-21, 1 Horse

Source: Personal Property Tax Lists, Bedford County, 1782-1816,
Commonwealth Archives, Library of Virginia. Hereafter Bedford State
Property Tax Lists.

Glover was the second son of Martin Davenport, Sr., of Hanover.
Joseph was Glover's third son who had served in the Virginia Continental
Line in its Northern Campaigns. We include this record to differentiate
Joseph of Bedford County, a Pamunkey, from Joseph of Amherst County,
a New Kent/Hanover.

31Mar1783 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

Consolidated Lists
William Davenport, 1 White Tithe, 1 Horse
Joseph Davenport, 1 White Tithe, 1 White Male 16-21, 6 Cattle

Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists.

Both were sons of Glover Davenport, grandsons of Martin, Sr., of
Hanover, and therefore Pamunkey Davenports.

31Mar1784 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County
No Davenports Listed
Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists.

31Mar1785 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

No Davenports Listed
Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists

31Mar1786 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County
No Davenports Listed

Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists

31Mar1787 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

No Davenports Listed

Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists

There were Davenports being sued in Bedford, but they were not being
listed as liable for Personal Property taxes.

 

===> Franklin Co formed 1785, so would not expect to find them in Bedford after that unless they moved -

31Mar1791 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

John Davenport, 1 White Tithe
William Davenport, 1 White Tithe

Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists

Both William and John are believed to have been sons of Glover
Davenport, son of Martin, Sr. and therefore Pamunkey. We include the
record to maintain clarity in our list of who's who.

 

Ah ha! This may be source of JSD's statement about Joseph. This is a different Joseph, in the New Kent/Hanover line:

-----1792 ­ BIRTH YEAR: Christopher Davenport, son of Joseph Davenport and
wife Nancy, born in Amherst County. (Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917
[database on-line]. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011).

31Mar1793 - PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LISTS filed with Commonwealth: Bedford
County

John Davenport, 1 White Tithe
William Davenport, 2 White Tithes, 2 Slaves
Joel Davenport, 1 White Tithe

Source: Bedford State Property Tax Lists

All three of these Davenports appear to have been sons of Glover
Davenport, son of Martin, Sr. We include them to provide clarity and
avoid confusion.

John, William, and Joseph lived next to each other in 1788,1789 Poll Tax Roll of Henry Co, VA and not in any other years there.
Dr John Scott Davenport said William and Joseph were in that part of Henry which became Patrick in 1791, but I have not found the original record for that.
Joseph Davenport was in Washington Co, VA between 1792 and 1797, and again in 1803 -
http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/DAVENPORT/2006-03/1142828148

Timeline
Glover family:
1743 - Louisa Co, VA
mid-1750's - Albemarle Co, VA
1761 - Amherst Co, VA (formed from Albemarle)
1769 - Bedford Co, VA
1770's - occasional appearance in Pittsylvania Co, VA
1785 - Franklin Co, VA (formed from Bedford)

First appearance of Joseph is 1774 Bedford as a land grant witness ( implies born before 1753 )
"before 1776" Joseph Davenport of Bedford Co, VA fought in the French/Indian Wars
1775-1779 private in the Revolutionary War ( 14th Regiment with Joel)
1778 Bedford Co, VA (birth of daughter Mourning in Bedford) [ possibly Moses daughter instead]
1782-1783 Bedford Co, VA (personal property tax with Glover)
1785 Area along Maggotty Creek became Franklin Co, VA
1788-1789 Henry Co, VA (Joseph, John, and William)
1791 Patrick Co, VA ( JSD is only reference )
1792-1797 Washington Co, VA (property tax)
1803 Washington Co, VA [ maybe him ]
"gone to TN" after that.
1810 Grainger Co, TN 45+ years old must be Joseph, Sr
15 August 1812 Jackson Co, TN "1813 Tax List" [could be Joseph, Sr or Joseph, Jr]

Events

Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth about 1750 Louisa, VA    
Death after 1810 Grainger Co, TN    

Parents

Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Davenport, Glover1719about 1785
Stepmother Jouett?, Ann
         Davenport, Joseph or John? about 1750 after 1810 (Unknown, Unknown)
    Brother     Davenport, John 1767 after 1850 (Unknown, Unknown)

Families

Family of Davenport, Joseph or John? and (Davenport), Elizabeth

Married Wife (Davenport), Elizabeth ( * between 1750 and 1760 + after 1830 )
  Narrative

DNA matches the line of John Davenport b.1767 in Bedford Co, VA (family of Glover and Ann Davenport). I suspect now the father of the 4 brothers was either John himself or John's brother, Joseph, and neither was the biological son of Glover. Mother of John and his brother might have been a daughter of Glover because adoptions at that time generally did not involve name changes
http://quickening.zapto.org/gramps/kdd/s/l/4brothers.html

Possible match for the 4 brothers in 1810 Census fragment from Grainger Co, TN:
http://books.google.com/books?id=-xEUAAAAYAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Devenport
Joseph Devenport 0 1 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
==> he was 45+ years of age! Could still be a Joseph, father of the 4 brothers. Perhaps mother Elisabeth 45+ too. Daughter age 10-16. No other 1810 Census has a Davenport hh with sons matching ages of the 4 bothers.
Here are some clues:
1) Joseph Davenport son of Glover was said in the Pamunkey Chronicles to have gone to TN.
2) Grainger is en route from Franklin Co, VA to Jackson Co, TN
3) A pair of "William Thomas's" are also listed in 1810 Grainger, like they are in 1812 Jackson Co, TN. Neighbors are Huddleston's too like in Jackson Co.
4) The son's ages match the 4 brothers!
Also available here on page 20: https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/106173?availability=Family%20History%20Library

Earliest known record of our Davenport line is the "1813 Tax List" of Jackson Co, TN, which lists a Joseph Davenport next door to Adam Teel and William Thomas. The tax collectors all turned in their lists on 15 August 1812. This proves the Davenport brothers were in Jackson Co, TN almost a year before the first recorded land record by Henry Davenport on 13 July 1813.

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=2883&iid=33119_290485-00406&pid=217013
Some perspective on how strange the years 1811-1813 were: http://oliverdreams.tripod.com/RevRichardJohnson.html

from Jeff Davenport of Gainesboro, TN:
"Now there is a old story about the Davenports that my grandfather used to tell. The Davenports came here ( in this region) there were 4 brothers that came in on wagons 2 if not 3 of the brothers stay here and the other one went back to Texas or possible 1 went to Texas and 1 to Ark. and the other 2 stayed here."

Some family lore claimed there was another son named John Davenport too. Elizabeth could be Joseph Devenport's mother or the "four brothers" grandmother, or an unwed daughter of Glover Davenport...

Some coincidences suggest they may be James River Davenports:
1) our "Adeline Ledbetter Davenport" -> marriage of Daniel Davenport and Elizabeth Ledbetter before 1787 in Prince George County, VA ( now ruled out by Y-DNA evidence)
2) Elisha Davenport of Patrick Co, VA - http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/davenport/2008-09/1220816083
3) Joseph Davenport and Judith Richardson married in Petersburg, VA. Richardsons were neighbors and intermarried with Davenports in Jackson County.

Alternate parents of the 4 brothers? have never found their children:
Virginia Marriages, 1740-1850 ("Bristol Parish" register of Rev John Cameron)
Groom Name: JOSEPH DAVENPORT
Bride Name: JUDITH RICHARDSON
Marriage Date: 24 Dec 1787
County: Petersburg
State: Virginia
[probably the family of Joseph Davenport, writing master at William & Mary College, Petersburg, VA]

Grandson of Charles Davenport, son of Joseph, applied in 1901 to the commision of 5 nations for recognition as 1/8 Choctaw Indian. He claimed Charles was 1/2 Choctaw and had moved to Green Co, MS by 1840 (formerly the Choctaw Nation). Application was denied. This suggests Charles had a different mother than Joseph, Henry, and James.

  Children
Name Birth Date Death Date
Davenport, Joseph1789-06-021876-01-22
Davenport, Henry17901846-01-19
Davenport, James1791after 1851
Davenport, Charlesabout 1794before 1850
Davenport, daughterbetween 1795 and 1800